Article printed with permission from JUZD Streetwear Co.
- Antibacterial – keeps you odor free and feeling and smelling fresh
- Highly sweat absorbent (Pulls moisture from skin for evaporation – moisture wicking) – keeps you dry
- Powerfully insulating – keeps you cooler in summer and warmer in winter
- One of the softest fabrics on the planet – you’ll love the way it feels
- Naturally UV protectant – protect yourself from skin cancer
- Hypoallergenic – natural bamboo does not cause allergic reactions
- Most eco-friendly fabric on the planet – help save your planet
Bamboo Fabric Research Article
During the 1990’s, before saving our world became a mainstream concern, what we consumed and used to create products, foods, and apparel with were unimportant. But among all other crazes that have emerged in the 21st century, ‘going green’ has taken the front seat in almost every industry.
Even the fashion industry which is obviously known for its concern in creating style and setting new trends has incorporated ways to be more environmentally friendly. With the growing popularity of a new fabric made of bamboo, designers have slowly begun to use bamboo fabric in many of their up coming collections.
History of Bamboo Fiber
Historically in Asia, bamboo was used for the hand-made production of paper. But thanks to modern manufacturing, bamboo pulp is now capable of creating bamboo fiber which can be used to make yarn and fabric (1). Bamboo fabric is a natural textile made from the pulp of the bamboo grass (2), the bamboo fiber is then made by pulping the bamboo grass until it separates into thin threads of fiber, which is then spun and dyed for weaving into cloth(3).
Characteristics of Bamboo
Bamboo fabric is similar to the softness of silk. Since the fibers are without chemical treatment, they are naturally smoother and rounder with no sharp spurs to irritate the skin, making bamboo fabric hypoallergenic and perfect for those who experience allergic reactions to other natural fibers such as wool or hemp (2). On that same note, bamboo is also antibacterial and antifungal. This is because bamboo possesses an anti-bacteria and bacteriostatic bio-agent called “bamboo kun” (3), allowing it to naturally flourish and grow in the wild without the use of pesticides or fertilizers. This beneficial quality of the plant remains in its textile form, killing all bacteria keeping the wearer feeling fresher and odor free for longer, making the garment healthier and more hygienic (3).
Unlike many of the other fabrics, bamboo is extremely breathable. The natural bamboo plant keeps itself cool in the heat and like its other properties, is also maintained in its fabric form. The cross-section of the bamboo fiber is covered with micro-gaps giving the fabric better moisture absorption and ventilation (4). As a result, it is able to keep the wearer almost two degrees cooler in the heat and noticeably warmer in the cold (3). Bamboo fabric is also “anti static and UV protective as it cuts out 98% of harmful UV rays” (7) providing the wearer with another beneficial quality from bamboo made clothing.
Caring for your bamboo clothes
Like your average garment, bamboo fabric can be washed with everything (5). For the best maintenance of bamboo clothing, it should be washed using the gentle cycle, cold or luke warm water, where line dried is preferred (6). It is best to refrain from machine drying even on low heat as it may cause the garment to loose its shape sooner then if you line dried only. If necessary, it should be ironed on low heat and never with a steamer(6). You can also wash your colour bamboo clothes with whites even in the first wash. Due to the absorbency of bamboo the dye is absorbed into the yarn and does not bleed. Note: This was tested only on the JUZD fabric which is 100% pure bamboo and 95% bamboo/ 5% spandex.
Eco-friendliness of bamboo
The most enticing aspect of bamboo fabric is that it is the most eco-friendly fabric on the planet. Bamboo, a type of tropical grass, has an extensive rooting system that grows on average four to six new shoots a year, naturally replenishing itself. It is also 100% biodegradable, the most renewable resource on our planet, and provides an abundance of usable oxygen making it a crucial element in the balance between oxygen and carbon dioxide in the atmosphere(3).
As bamboo fabric is gaining popularity in the fashion industry, there will naturally be an increase in growth and demand for more bamboo plants. This could ultimately lead to an increased amount of photosynthesis and result in another alternative to combating greenhouse gases.
Comparison between Bamboo and Cotton
|Strong Abrasion Resistance||Both are very abrasion resistant|
|Strength||Both are strong|
|Absorbency||100%||300%||Bamboo is 300% more absorbent than cotton|
|Hypoallergenic||Both fabrics are hypoallergenic|
|Machine-washable||Bamboo will retain it’s structural integrity after multiple washings|
|Machine-dryable||X||Not reccommended for Bamboo|
|Resiliency||X||Bamboo is very resilient|
|Luster||X||Bamboo is naturally lusterous|
|Elasticity||X||Bamboo has much more elasticity than cotton|
|Pesticide-free crop||X||Bamboo grows without need for pesticides or fetilizer|
|UV Protected||X||Bamboo is naturally blocks UV rays|
|Antibacterial||X||Cotton is not anti-bacterial|
|Insulation||X||Cotton fabrics when wet lose their insulating qualities|
|Moisture Wicking||X||Cotton fabrics cannot wick|
|Soft||X||Bamboo feels like cashmere. Cotton is abrasive against the skin|
|Enriches the soil||X||Growing bamboo enriches the soil while cotton damages it|
7 Organic Lifestyles (Sept/Oct 2007), The Beauty of Bamboo Pg. 36.
15 Pizzuto, J.J. Fabric Science: Seventh Edition.